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Most of us who are reading this blog have not faced the water crisis often. But there are people across the world who do not have access to clean water. On one side there are people who do not face any problem and use water for taking showers, dishwashers, flushing etc. And on the other side there are people who collect water from rivers and lakes by spending several hours in a day. According to World Health Organisation report, 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to clean water- that’s approximately one in six people on the earth.

There is Colorado River in North western Mexico where people’ s livelihood was based upon the river. The natives fished for corvine, a type of sea bass, which they used to eat thrice a day. In 1922, representatives from the seven US states decided to build dams and canals to get water and power to growing cities. Now the place has become a dusty town and hardly there are any fishes. There is no fertile land nearby. The water for drinking comes by truck.

The Ogalla Aquifer, the largest Aquifer in the western North American region. It supplies 81% of the water in the high plains area of the US. The aquifer is recharged mainly through precipitation in the spring and summer months. But the withdrawal rate of water from the Ogalla Aquifer is too much higher as compared to recharge rate.

 Africa is blessed with large rivers like Nile, Congo etc. In sub Saharan Africa, hundreds of millions of people suffer from a lack of access to clean, safe water. Women and girls fetch the water from streams from streams and ponds. 14 countries in Africa are experiencing water issues and 11 more countries are expected to face water issues by 2025.

In India, the situation is even worse due to rapid growth in population. India has been endowed with freshwater reserves but overuse of water over the past few years has resulted in clean water scarcity. A research report indicates that by 2025, India and China will continue to the largest countries facing water stress.

According to UN reports due to lack of clean water more than 30,000 children under 5 years of age die from diarrhea and other water related diseases. Without water we cannot do anything. It is the need of  hour to understand the gravity of the situation.

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